History 1101 Optional Lecture Essay
Part III, Instructions (30 points)
Using information from the lectures, answer one of the following three questions:
- Market Revolution(chapter 9)
- Contrast Thomas Jefferson’s republican program for economic growth with Alexander Hamilton’s federalist program. What was the Louisiana Purchase and what were its consequences? What was the War of 1812 and what were its consequences?
- In the subsequent economic development from 1815 to 1860—what factors were involved in creating the market revolution? Identify four features of the new market economy.
- What seven factors contributed to the industrial revolution?
- Antebellum Slavery (chapter 12)
- Did the Upper South become more or less dependent on slavery in the 19th century? Why? What caused a revival and expansion of slavery across the Lower South?
- How did slavery create a distinctive Southern economy and class structure?
- What freedoms and restrictions did the free black population experience?
- Planters argued that slavery was a positive good for slaves—what reasons did they give, and how did that conflict with reality? Identify 3 ways in which slaves resisted slavery. How has slave culture influenced our larger national culture?
- Road to Disunion(Chapter 13)
- What were the results of the 1860 election, and why did it trigger a secession movement in the Lower South? How did the Upper South respond to the election, and then to the war? What was the Republican Party’s position on slavery in the election?
- What compromises were forged in the republic’s early decades to preserve peace?
- Why did Southerners become more defensive about slavery in the 1830s, and how did they respond?
- Why did the Mexican War and Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo usher in a new stage of crisis? What series of events between 1848 and 1860 led to deepening national divisions and ultimately to war?
- Your essay must be typed and double-spaced.
- Use question-answer format—write out the question, then write a short essay answering it. Do that for each question.
- It should be a minimum of eight pages long.
- There is no maximum length limit, superior papers have more to say—write lots!
- Use the information and detail in your notes.
- Each question follows the outline à Use your outline—discuss every point on it.
Grade-Wise, Here’s How This Works
- You should do the optional essay if you had a low score on the multiple-choice part of your midterm exam.
- The multiple-choice test normally counts 60 points. If your essay score is higher than your multiple-choice score, the multiple-choice counts only 30 points, and the essay counts 30 points.
- If your essay score is lower than your multiple-choice score, it won’t lower your grade, I just won’t count it.
- But if you write the essay, and get a passing grade, I will add two additional points to your final grade.
- Usually, about 30% of my students write the optional essay, and it raises the scores of 70% of those who do.