Please provide detailed answers for the following questions:
- In your own words describe each of the four forces of evolution, what you understand from them.
- Why is the incidence of sickle-cell anemia an excellent example of a “balanced polymorphism,” in which two or more alleles are maintained by natural selection in a population?
- Why is a frameshift mutation far more likely to lead to a defective protein compared with a point mutation?
- Explain how the founders effect can lead to a descendant population that differs greatly from its parent population over a relatively short period of time?