(a) The Fibonacci numbers are the numbers in the following integer sequence, called the Fibonacci sequence, and are characterised by the fact that every number after the first two is the sum of the two preceding ones: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 114, … etc.

By definition, the first two numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are 0 and 1, and each subsequent number is the sum of the previous two. We define Fib(0)=0, Fib(1)=1, Fib(2)=1, Fib(3)=2, Fib(4)=3, etc. The first 22 Fibonacci numbers given below:

Fib(0) | Fib(1) | Fib(2) | Fib(3) | Fib(4) | Fib(5) | Fib(6) | Fib(7) | Fib(8) | Fib(9) | Fib(10) |

0 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 5 | 8 | 13 | 21 | 34 | 55 |

Fib(11) | Fib(12) | Fib(13) | Fib(14) | Fib(15) | Fib(16) | Fib(17) | Fib(18) | Fib(19) | Fib(20) | Fib(21) |

89 | 144 | 233 | 377 | 610 | 987 | 1597 | 2584 | 4181 | 6765 | 10946 |

Write a MARIE program to calculate Fib(n), where the user inputs n. For example, if the user inputs 7, the program outputs the value 13; if the user inputs 15, the program outputs the value 610; if the user inputs 20, the program outputs the value 6765 etc. You need to write and run the program using MARIE simulator. Please include appropriate comments to make your code readable.[10 marks]