Interested in a PLAGIARISM-FREE paper based on these particular instructions?...with 100% confidentiality?

Order Now

This study guide is an outline of the material that we have covered in class. . You can use it to organize and guide your studying. Remember for the tests utilize the book and the class notes for studying. The Visual System – Chapter 9 • Describe how transduction works in the visual system • • What are the sensory receptors in the visual system o How do they convert wavelengths of light to neural impulses o Where are they located in the eye o What are the different types? And what are their different roles? • Describe the fovea. What aspects of vision is it important for? • What is meant by a “receptive field” o What might a receptive field look like to a visual sensory receptor in the eye? o Describe how the receptive field becomes more complex as we progress through the visual system from the eyes to the cerebral cortex • Describe the nature of the crossing of visual information from the eye to the brain • Identify and describe the major brain regions that make up the visual system that we discussed? o Lateral Geniculate Nucleus o Striate Cortex/V1 — retinopic organization, orientation selectivity o Dorsal Stream regions –the “how” pathway o Ventral stream regions –the “what” pathway • Describe Hubel & Wiesel’s experiment that won them the Nobel prize. • Describe Visual Agnosia.What is normal about vision and abnormal in this condition? What area(s) of the brain tend to be damaged in this condition? • Describe Optic Ataxia.What is normal about vision and abnormal in this condition? What area(s) of the brain tend to be damaged in this condition?   Hearing, Language and Music –Chapter 10 • The soundwave is the medium of audition. Describe the important physical properties of a soundwave that are important for audition. • Describe the physical properties that are important for language and music • What are some of the ways Language and Music are treated as special by our auditory perceptual system? • Describe the structure of the parts of the ear and explain each part’s role in audition o The outer ear o The middle ear o The inner ear • Describe transduction in the auditory system. o What is the organ within the inner ear most responsible for transduction o How does this organ work  Oval window  Functions of hair cells  Basilar membrane  Tonotopic representation • Primary Auditory Cortex (A1) o Tonotopic representation • Lateralization within the Auditory system • Language Processing: what are the major brain regions that are important for music that we discussed. What are their roles? What is the evidence? o Broca’s vs. Wernicke’s area o Broca’s vs. Wernicke’s aphasia • Music Processing: how does music processing differ from that of language processing in the brain? • Describe Amusia. What does this condition suggest about the way music perception is implemented in the brain? Movement –Chapter 11 • Motor neurons innervate muscle fibers. o What does this mean? o For a body part to move or articulate in a very precise manner, what has to be true about the ratio of muscle fibers to neurons? • Describe what is meant by the hierarchy of movement. o How is movement hierarchical? o Give an example. o How does this hierarchy map on the way the different parts of the nervous system helps to carry out movement? • Describe the anatomy of the motor system from the bottom up o What is the role of the spinal cord in our automatic reflexes? Its role in voluntary movement o Forebrain’s role in voluntary movement o Brainstem? o Motor Cortex? o Somatosensory cortex? o Premotor Cortex? o Prefrontal Cortex? o Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum? • Describe the organization of the motor cortex and somatosensory cortex? o The topographic organization of the body on the brain • Parkinson’s Disease o Symptoms o Causes o What area of the brain is affected? o What does the nature of Parkinson’s tell us about the role of the subtantianigra/dopamine plays in movement?   Motivated Behavior and Emotion –Chapter 12 • What are examples of regulatory behaviors and non-regulatory behaviors? • What is the role of the hypothalamus in motivated behavior? How does its function relate to that of the pituitary gland • Describe the James-Lange Theory of Emotion and evidence in favor of this theory • What is the role of the amygdala in emotional expression • Describe Kluver-Bucy syndrome • Describe patient S.M. • What is the role of the orbitofrontal cortex in emotional/value-based decision making? • What happens to an individual if they have damage to the orbitofrontal cortex?

This study guide is an outline of the material that we have covered in class.  . You can use it to organize and guide your studying. Remember for the tests utilize the book and the class notes for studying.

 

The Visual System – Chapter 9

  • Describe how transduction works in the visual system
  • What are the sensory receptors in the visual system
    • How do they convert wavelengths of light to neural impulses
    • Where are they located in the eye
    • What are the different types? And what are their different roles?

 

  • Describe the fovea. What aspects of vision is it important for?

 

  • What is meant by a “receptive field”
    • What might a receptive field look like to a visual sensory receptor in the eye?
    • Describe how the receptive field becomes more complex as we progress through the visual system from the eyes to the cerebral cortex

 

  • Describe the nature of the crossing of visual information from the eye to the brain

 

  • Identify and describe the major brain regions that make up the visual system that we discussed?
    • Lateral Geniculate Nucleus
    • Striate Cortex/V1 — retinopic organization, orientation selectivity
    • Dorsal Stream regions –the “how” pathway
    • Ventral stream regions –the “what” pathway

 

  • Describe Hubel & Wiesel’s experiment that won them the Nobel prize.

 

  • Describe Visual Agnosia.What is normal about vision and abnormal in this condition? What area(s) of the brain tend to be damaged in this condition?

 

  • Describe Optic Ataxia.What is normal about vision and abnormal in this condition? What area(s) of the brain tend to be damaged in this condition?

 

 

 

 

Hearing, Language and Music –Chapter 10

 

  • The soundwave is the medium of audition. Describe the important physical properties of a soundwave that are important for audition.

 

  • Describe the physical properties that are important for language and music

 

 

  • What are some of the ways Language and Music are treated as special by our auditory perceptual system?

 

  • Describe the structure of the parts of the ear and explain each part’s role in audition
    • The outer ear
    • The middle ear
    • The inner ear

 

  • Describe transduction in the auditory system.
    • What is the organ within the inner ear most responsible for transduction
    • How does this organ work
      • Oval window
      • Functions of hair cells
      • Basilar membrane
      • Tonotopic representation

 

  • Primary Auditory Cortex (A1)
    • Tonotopic representation

 

  • Lateralization within the Auditory system

 

  • Language Processing: what are the major brain regions that are important for music that we discussed. What are their roles? What is the evidence?
    • Broca’s vs. Wernicke’s area
    • Broca’s vs. Wernicke’s aphasia

 

  • Music Processing: how does music processing differ from that of language processing in the brain?

 

  • Describe Amusia. What does this condition suggest about the way music perception is implemented in the brain?

 

 

 

 

Movement –Chapter 11

 

  • Motor neurons innervate muscle fibers.
    • What does this mean?
    • For a body part to move or articulate in a very precise manner, what has to be true about the ratio of muscle fibers to neurons?

 

  • Describe what is meant by the hierarchy of movement.
    • How is movement hierarchical?
    • Give an example.
    • How does this hierarchy map on the way the different parts of the nervous system helps to carry out movement?

 

  • Describe the anatomy of the motor system from the bottom up
    • What is the role of the spinal cord in our automatic reflexes? Its role in voluntary movement
    • Forebrain’s role in voluntary movement
    • Brainstem?
    • Motor Cortex?
    • Somatosensory cortex?
    • Premotor Cortex?
    • Prefrontal Cortex?
    • Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum?

 

  • Describe the organization of the motor cortex and somatosensory cortex?
    • The topographic organization of the body on the brain
  • Parkinson’s Disease
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • What area of the brain is affected?
    • What does the nature of Parkinson’s tell us about the role of the subtantianigra/dopamine plays in movement?

 

 

 

 

 

Motivated Behavior and Emotion –Chapter 12

 

  • What are examples of regulatory behaviors and non-regulatory behaviors?
  • What is the role of the hypothalamus in motivated behavior? How does its function relate to that of the pituitary gland
  • Describe the James-Lange Theory of Emotion and evidence in favor of this theory
  • What is the role of the amygdala in emotional expression
  • Describe Kluver-Bucy syndrome
  • Describe patient S.M.
  • What is the role of the orbitofrontal cortex in emotional/value-based decision making?
  • What happens to an individual if they have damage to the orbitofrontal cortex?

Interested in a PLAGIARISM-FREE paper based on these particular instructions?...with 100% confidentiality?

Order Now